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Hong Kong approves first Bitcoin and Ethereum spot ETFs

April 23, 2024

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Key Takeaways:

  • Hong Kong regulators greenlit the debut of spot bitcoin and ether exchange-traded funds (ETFs) on April 15, 2024. 
  • ChinaAMC, Harvest Global, and Bosera International are among the approved issuers of ETFs.
  • Despite mainland China’s strict crypto trading ban following a significant crackdown in 2021, Hong Kong is gradually positioning itself as a regulated crypto hub.

NEWS! Hong Kong has granted preliminary approval for spot Bitcoin and Ether ETFs.

Hong Kong has conditionally granted approvals to asset managers for the launch of spot Bitcoin and Ether exchange-traded funds. This development has provided a boost to both tokens and the broader cryptocurrency market. 

Harvest Global Investments Ltd. and a collaboration between HashKey Capital Ltd. and Bosera Asset Management (International) Co. revealed their initial approvals in separate statements on April 15, 2024. 

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Meanwhile, the Hong Kong unit of China Asset Management reported receiving approval from the city’s Securities & Futures Commission to offer virtual asset management services. Currently, they are allocating resources toward product development. 

Competing with jurisdictions like Singapore and Dubai, Hong Kong aims to establish itself as a prominent digital asset hub. The introduction of a dedicated regulatory framework last year speaks for itself. Officials are striving to enhance the city’s reputation as a modern financial center. This is done particularly in light of recent measures to curb dissent. Such measures had previously impacted its attractiveness.

What are Bitcoin and Ethereum ETFs?

  • ETF: Short for Exchange-Traded Fund. These are bundles of assets traded on stock exchanges similar to individual stocks. 
  • Bitcoin/Ethereum ETF: An ETF crafted to replicate the price movements of Bitcoin or Ethereum.

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What Is a Bitcoin Futures ETF? 

A Bitcoin Futures ETF is a collection of Bitcoin-related assets. It is provided by brokerages on conventional exchanges, enabling trading in the form of ETFs. These ETFs aim to provide retail and other investors with exposure to cryptocurrencies. Simultaneously, it eliminates the necessity of direct ownership. 

As of now, the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has given the green light to Bitcoin and Ethereum Futures Market ETFs. Additionally, in January 2024, the SEC approved 11 Spot Bitcoin ETFs. However, as of mid-April 2024, the SEC has postponed the decision on the Hashdex and ARK 21Shares Ethereum ETFs. They have pushed the decision deadline to May 2024. 

What Are Ethereum ETFs? 

An Ethereum ETF is a financial instrument crafted to mirror Ethereum’s price movements. It facilitates the buying and selling of shares on conventional stock exchanges. This regulated investment vehicle offers a convenient avenue for investors to engage with the cryptocurrency market without directly handling digital assets. By mirroring Ethereum’s performance, the ETF grants exposure to its value. It circumvents the complexities associated with ownership. 

Ethereum ETF operates within the regulatory framework of traditional financial markets. It provides investors with a regulated and secure conduit for cryptocurrency investments. This regulatory oversight fosters investor confidence and ensures adherence to established financial norms. 

Beyond accessibility, Ethereum ETFs offer several advantages. These include regulatory supervision, trading ease, and portfolio diversification. These funds are traded on major stock exchanges, ensuring liquidity and simplicity for investors. This is particularly helpful for those new to cryptocurrency markets. 

How do spot ETFs operate?

Price Tracking:

Bitcoin and Ethereum ETFs seek to maintain underlying assets that mirror the cryptocurrency’s value. This may include direct possession of Bitcoin or Ethereum, or they might employ futures contracts linked to the cryptocurrency’s price. 

Advantages of ETFs:

They provide a regulated and transparent avenue for investing in Bitcoin and Ethereum. They circumvent the complexities of direct cryptocurrency ownership. This includes duties like managing digital wallets and security. 

Convenient Trading:

Shares of a Bitcoin or Ethereum ETF can be bought and sold via a traditional brokerage account, similar to trading stocks.

Advantages of Bitcoin and Ethereum ETFs 

The advent of Bitcoin and Ethereum Futures ETFs has brought several implications in the cryptocurrency world. These ETFs offer a more accessible and regulated avenue, especially for traditional traders who want to engage in the Bitcoin and Ethereum markets. They draw in more capital and augment liquidity. Consequently, this could foster increased price stability and diminished volatility as the ETFs introduce a fresh layer of institutional investment. 

Spot ETFs may also contribute to the legitimization and mainstream adoption of cryptocurrencies by integrating them into the framework of traditional financial markets (TradFi). This integration could potentially foster greater acceptance and incorporation of cryptocurrencies into existing financial systems. Moreover, Spot ETFs hold the underlying asset(s). They create the opportunity for the long-term acquisition and retention of the underlying asset(s) by the ETF. 

The conversion of the Grayscale Bitcoin Trust (GBTC) into an ETF in January 2024 exemplifies this trend. GBTC enables traders to access Bitcoin through a traditional brokerage account. This instance depicts how Bitcoin ETFs offer a convenient and familiar investment avenue for traders interested in cryptocurrencies. 

Growth of Bitcoin Spot ETF

For years, investors have wanted a regulated way to access Bitcoin without the complexities of directly owning the cryptocurrency. Enter the Spot Bitcoin ETF, which debuted in the United States in October 2021, albeit not the first attempt. Prior iterations relied on futures contracts, which were considered less desirable due to tracking differences.

The recent launch of US-based Spot Bitcoin ETFs by leading asset managers like Blackrock has significantly impacted the market. These ETFs directly hold Bitcoin. Thus, it offers investors a familiar, SEC-approved avenue for exposure. This has fueled a surge in Bitcoin adoption. There are several ETFs that have already exceeded billions in assets under management (AUM) and daily trading volumes. They have exceeded traditional Bitcoin futures ETF benchmarks.

This paves the way for a similar revolution in regulated digital asset investment. This is specifically true in Southeast Asia. With its recent approval of Bitcoin ETFs, places like Hong Kong are poised to witness a surge in mainstream participation. Spot ETFs offer a secure, transparent entry point. Thus potentially attracting a wave of new investors and further legitimizing the cryptocurrency market.


Bitcoin and Ethereum ETFs hold the promise of transforming the cryptocurrency landscape. They can do so by offering a regulated and accessible investment avenue for both retail and institutional traders. Currently, there are two main types of Bitcoin and Ethereum ETFs—Spot and Futures—each carrying its own set of risks and advantages. Despite this, the spotlight has predominantly been on Spot ETFs. 

However, Spot Bitcoin and Ethereum ETFs could usher in increased liquidity, stability, and broader adoption of cryptocurrencies upon approval. This could potentially pave the way for additional Spot ETFs covering other cryptocurrencies. 

As the regulatory environment continues to develop and mature, it is imperative for market participants and regulators to collaborate to establish a framework. A framework that strikes a balance between fostering innovation and safeguarding traders. Ultimately, the future of cryptocurrency ETFs, beginning with Bitcoin and Ethereum, rests on the ability to address regulatory apprehensions. Regulators must cultivate a dependable ecosystem that inspires confidence among traders.

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